Daily carbs for diabetic. Many factors can affect your blood sugar levels. However, one of the most influential factors is the type and amount of food you eat.
Foods that contain carbohydrates (mainly) have a great influence on blood sugar levels. Therefore, patients are advised to limit their carbohydrate intake. how many daily carbs for diabetic?
How carbohydrates affect your blood sugar
Carbohydrates in the body will be broken down into glucose or sugar, which will then be converted into primary energy by the body. This process is assisted by the hormone insulin. However, in diabetics, the hormone insulin does not work so well that only a small amount of glucose can be converted into energy. As a result, glucose in the blood or blood sugar to increase.
This is why carbohydrates are strongly linked to diabetes. When diabetics consume foods high in carbohydrates or high in sugar, blood sugar levels can go up immediately. Foods high in carbohydrates make the body necessary to produce more insulin for controlled blood sugar. However, in diabetics, this process has been disrupted. They are not able to produce insulin in large quantities or insulin is not able to convert glucose into energy efficiency.
How are many daily carbs for diabetic safe to eat?
Restricting carbohydrate intake in diabetics is proven to help control blood sugar levels. However, this does not mean that diabetics should only consume very little carbohydrates or even avoid a lot of food.
Consume carbohydrates to some extent you can still do. A study showed that carbohydrate intake of 20-150 grams per day or as much as 5-35% carbohydrates from total caloric intake can help diabetics in controlling their blood sugar.
Meanwhile, the American Diabetes Association suggested carbohydrates for diabetics are safe to consume is about 45-60 grams per meal, or for 135-180 grams of carbohydrates per day. A low carbohydrate diet may help you in controlling your carbohydrate intake.
In general, all food sources of carbohydrates can increase blood sugar levels. However, how much these foods can increase your blood sugar levels can vary widely each food. For that, you need to know what carbohydrate sources you can still eat in large quantities and which you should limit.
What are the food sources of carbohydrates that can be consumed?
Generally, most of the foods you eat every day contain carbohydrates, but maybe you do not realize it. There are two types of carbohydrates in the diet, which are simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates.
Foods that contain simple carbohydrates should you reduce consumption. This is because simple carbohydrates are more easily broken down by the body so it is better able to make your blood sugar levels rise quickly.
Meanwhile, complex carbohydrates should you multiply your intake. Complex carbohydrates contain fiber and contain relatively low sugar. Thus, this type of carbohydrate is better able to help you in controlling blood sugar. That way, you can meet your carbohydrate needs of this type of carbohydrates.
Some of the simple carbohydrate source foods you should limit or avoid are:
- High sugar-containing foods or beverages
- Cakes, cookies, white bread, donuts, muffins, pretzels, pastries
- Food made from wheat flour
- Canned fruits
- Sweet drinks, like packaged tea drinks, soft drinks
- Ice cream, candy, and chocolate
Meanwhile, examples of food sources of complex carbohydrates that you can consume are:
- Whole grains, such as brown rice, oatmeal, whole wheat bread
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