Diseases of the muscular system

Diseases of the muscular system: Here are 10 muscle diseases you need to know

Diseases of the muscular system

Diseases of the muscular system? Muscles come in three types: plain, heart or bone. The smooth muscles of the digestive system contract and relax to encourage food throughout the body. The smooth muscles of the bladder contractions during urination and relax when it’s time to hold urine in the bladder.

Diseases of the muscular system

Compartment syndrome

Pregnant women also use their innocent muscles to give birth. Since you can not control these muscles, they are also called unconscious muscles. The heart consists of the heart muscle, which makes it difficult to contract and relax while pumping blood throughout the body. Cardiac muscle is also unconscious, because you can not control its function. Skeletal muscle works with the body’s bones to control movement. These muscles are conscious, because you can control their movements. The muscles connect to the bone with the tendon, which is a sturdy piece of tissue.


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Diseases of the muscular system affect the normal workings of the muscles in the body. The list of illnesses discussed in the following article will help you learn the different types of disorders that cause weakness and wastage of muscle tissue.

Muscles are a very important part of our body. Without muscle, the body will lose its ability to move and perform various actions. In fact, without a human muscular system, we may not be able to survive. This is because most organs in the digestive system consisting of muscles and even our hearts that continue to pump blood in the muscles. If the muscular system is affected by disease or disorder, it leads to a bit and a lot in some cases of major health problems.

  1. Diseases of the Muscle System

There are more than 650 muscles in the human muscle system. Each muscle has a special role to perform. These muscles help us talk, walk, sit, run, eat, move, hold something, and most importantly keep pumping the heart muscles keep us alive. Disease of the muscle system causes many problems in the human body, which affects the mobility and function of various parts of the body. This list is very long because there are a number of disorders that affect the human body.

  1. Muscular dystrophy

Dystrophy is a condition in which the body part weakens or shrinks. In the condition of muscular dystrophy, there is a weakness in the muscle. An inherited genetic error prevents the body from making proteins that help build muscle and keep muscles strong. Symptoms of muscular dystrophy include weakness, loss of mobility and lack of coordination.

  1. Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy is one of the diseases of the muscular system, where the person’s attitude, balance and motor function are affected. Brain damage during or before delivery results in loss of muscle fitness, causing problems performing physical tasks in children. This is one of the most common congenital abnormalities.


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  1. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva

It is a very rare inborn disorder that causes soft tissue to become hard as a bone permanently. One of the signs that can be found is the disability of the big toe, where the condition of the thumb on both legs is shorter than the proper and opposite direction with the other toes. It is recognized by half of the people who suffer from FOP if they have similar problems with the thumb.

  1. Dermatomyositis

It is a progressive autoimmune disease of connective tissue that causes muscle weakness. Symptoms of dermatomyositis include muscle pain, calcium deposits harden under the skin, gastrointestinal inflammation, bowel perforation, lung problems, fever, fatigue and weight loss. It causes colored red or purple skin rashes on the face, hands, knees, chest and back.

  1. Compartment syndrome

Compartment syndrome is a condition that occurs due to increased pressure inside the muscle compartment, which can lead to injury in the muscle compartment including the muscle tissue itself, blood vessels, and nerves. The muscle compartment is surrounded by a layer or membrane, called the fascia, which can not expand. So the swelling in the compartment will increase the pressure inside. This condition can attack the hands, arms, buttocks, legs and legs. Most people more often experience it in the knee to the bottom. This condition should be addressed immediately to avoid the risk of ischemia and necrosis (tissue death).

  1. Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia gravis is a disease that occurs due to the dissolution of communication between nerves and muscles. Chronic illness is commonly characterized by the weakening of some muscles, especially the muscles in the face that control the movement of the eyeball, facial expressions, chewing, swallowing, and talking.

Muscle weakness due to myasthenia gravis will usually worsen during or after physical activity and will improve when the muscles are rested. Usually, symptoms will often appear at night when the condition of the body getting tired after a day of activity.

  1. Rhabdomyolysis

Rhabdomyolysis is a condition in which there is rapid skeletal muscle damage. This causes the muscle fibers to cause a split in the myoglobin that is released into the urine. This causes renal failure because myoglobin is harmful to the kidneys. Symptoms of rhabdomyolysis include muscle weakness, stiffness, and pain.


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  1. Fibromyalgia

This debilitating, chronic muscle abnormality is called fibromyalgia. It is characterized by pain, fatigue and many other symptoms such as muscle pain and stiffness. This is seen to affect more women than men and is considered a genetic condition.

  1. Myotonia

Myotonia is a condition in which the muscles relax slowly after contraction and stimulation. Symptoms of myotonia include difficulty in releasing grip, walking and difficulty in getting up after sitting or sleeping. Drugs, anticonvulsants and physical therapy are involved in the treatment of myotonia.

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