Early symptoms of Lyme disease. Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria of the genus Borrelia sp transmitted by tick bites. This condition can infect and disrupt various organ systems.
Bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi type is the cause of Lyme disease in Indonesia.
Treatment as effectively and as soon as possible will ensure a faster healing process. If left alone, the symptoms of Lyme disease will develop progressively worse and prolonged.
Early Symptoms of Lyme Disease
Lyme disease has a variety of symptoms that appear gradually. The following is the initial symptom distribution of Lyme disease based on the stage or stage of disease progression:
Lyme disease stage 1 is characterized by the appearance of a rash that is shaped like a picture of archery targets. This rash is a sign that bacteria multiply in the blood vessels.
The shaped rash pattern is generally reddish in the area of bite marks, surrounded by normal skin areas and surrounded again by the reddish area on the outside.
This type of rash is known as erythema migrans. Although erythema migrans is typical for Lyme disease, in some cases, this rash may not appear. The erythema migrans rash usually occurs about 1-2 weeks after the bite is infected.
Lyme disease stage 2 usually occurs several weeks after being bitten by ticks. In stage 2, Borrelia bacteria has spread throughout the body that is characterized by flu-like symptoms.
Lyme disease stage 2 can also cause complications such as meningitis, neurological disorders, or heart disease. Symptoms that mark Lyme disease stage 2, among others, are:
- Muscle pain.
- Enlarged lymph nodes.
- A sore throat.
- Impaired vision.
Lyme disease stage 3 usually occurs if the patient is not treated at stage 1 or 2. Stage 3 can occur several weeks, months, or even years after a tick bite. Symptoms of Lyme disease stage 3, among others, are:
- Arthritis in one or more of one joint, especially large joints such as knees.
- Numbness in the legs and arms.
- Short-term memory disorders.
- Mental disorders.
- Difficult to communicate.
- SA a severe headache
- Difficulty concentrating.
Causes of Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is caused by bacteria Borrelia sp. There are four species of bacteria that can cause Lyme disease in humans, namely Borrelia burgderfori, Borrelia mayonii, Borrelia afzelii, and Borrelia garinii.
Borrelia’s bacteria are transmitted through flea intermediates, often through the genus Ixodes sp. Or in some cases, through the tick of Ambylomma sp. Ixodes are lice that have the ability to suck blood as food, both human blood and animal blood. Borrelia’s bacteria are usually transmitted by Ixodes lice
Some things that can cause a person more susceptible to Lyme disease, among others are:
Frequent activities in the grass area.
Lyme disease lice often live in grassy areas. In addition to living on deer’s skin, the infestation lice can also live in the skins of rodents and other rodents. Frequent activity in the grassy area can cause a person more susceptible to lice and contracted Lyme disease.
Do not clean the body of the lice.
Although often active in grassy areas, someone who regularly cleanse the skin from lice dust can be avoided from Lyme disease.
Ticks can easily land on the skin. Therefore, by dressing open, a person can be more easily infected with lice and Lyme disease.