Epilepsy Medication Side Effects (Danger)



Epilepsy medication side effects. Available anti-seizure medications vary and have different effects for each type of seizure. Selection of anti-seizure medication will be adjusted by the physician based on disease condition of each patient). Another common example of seizure medication is valproic acid. At a more expensive price, valproic acid has a similar effectiveness to phenytoin and has relatively more tolerable side effects. Consult your physician for possible replacement of anti-seizure medications.


Epilepsy requires long-term prevention of seizures consumed. The medical criteria in which patients with epilepsy will be discontinued from treatment when they have not experienced seizures in at least 2 years of treatment

Anti Epilepsy drugs consumed are useful for controlling attacks. This anti-epileptic drug has been taken regularly, but why do seizures still come? If the seizure frequency does not decrease, then there may be some Side Effects of Anti Epilepsy Drugs


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Epilepsy is a brain disorder characterized by seizures that occur when electrical impulses in the brain are disrupted.

Seizures should occur more than once before a person can be diagnosed with epilepsy.

Epilepsy treatment is aimed at preventing seizures later in life.

For this, it takes time to find the most effective dose and the combination of drugs.

Here are the drugs that are often used to treat epilepsy and the side effects of the drug:

  1. Phenytoin (Phenytoin)



Phenytoin is one of the most commonly prescribed anticonvulsants of doctors, especially for the treatment of partial seizures and grand mal seizures.

Side effects that usually appear include nausea, rash, slurred speech, confusion, insomnia, headache, and gum disease.

Possible serious side effects are the appearance of suicidal thoughts, anemia, and psychosis.

Alcohol can increase the risk of the reaction and reduce the effectiveness of this drug. Avoid drinking antacids at the same time as it can make phenytoin harder to absorb.

  1. Phenobarbital (Phenobarbital)



Phenobarbital is a barbiturate tranquilizer that can be used to treat partial seizures and seizures thoroughly.

Phenobarbital can also be used to treat epilepsy in newborns. This drug can be addictive and will cause drowsiness.


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In addition, this drug can also cause unconsciousness and memory lapses where patients can perform various actions such as talking on the phone or driving but can not remember the actions it does.

Avoid cold medications or other medications that can cause drowsiness when taking phenobarbital.

  1. Ethosuximide



Ethosuximide or Zarontin is used to treat absence seizures. These drugs can cause serious blood disorders.

Therefore, a complete blood count examination is likely to be recommended for periodic monitoring of blood conditions.

This drug can also cause an autoimmune disease called lupus. Some side effects that may arise include including digestive discomfort, hiccups, drowsiness, irritability, and insomnia.

  1. Topiramate



Topiramate (Topamax) is a second-generation anticonvulsant. It is often used with other anticonvulsants to treat partial seizures and tonic-clonic seizures in adults and children aged 2 to 16 years.

Topiramate can cause speech problems, memory impairment, difficulty concentrating, fatigue, and loss of appetite.

Possible severe reactions or side effects include kidney stones, suicidal thoughts, pancreatitis, anemia, and pulmonary embolism.


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Avoid high protein diets while taking topiramate because it can increase your risk of kidney stones. It can also be used to prevent migraines.

  1. Gabapentin



Gabapentin (Neurontin) is used to treat epilepsy in adults and children older than 12 years.

This drug can also be used to treat partial seizures in children younger than 3 years.

Side effects that generally appear in adults include lack of coordination, weakness, abdominal discomfort, dry mouth, runny nose, and sleep problems.

In children, side effects that may arise that is memory problems (memory), can cause aggression and hostility, and difficulty concentrating.

In addition, suicidal thoughts, withdrawal, and kidney failure are serious side effects that may occur.

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