How to get scoliosis – Scoliosis is an abnormally curved condition of the spine. This disease is more common in children before puberty with the age range of 10 to 15 years. Boys and girls have the same risk for mild scoliosis, but girls are more prone to worsening symptoms and therefore require adequate treatment.
Although most cases of childhood scoliosis are mild and require no treatment, they should be carefully monitored and recommended to regularly undergo X-rays to determine their progress and avoid further complications.
Difficulty breathing and severe pain will usually be felt by adolescent and adult scoliosis patients if the curved spine gets worse. Therefore, early detection is needed to prevent scoliosis from reaching further levels of severity.
Symptoms of Scoliosis
Scoliosis symptoms can be seen from changes in the appearance of the chest, hips, or shoulders. The following are the symptoms of scoliosis that can be seen from the physical appearance.
- One of the hips looks more prominent.
- The body of the scoliosis patient may be leaning to one side.
- One shoulder is higher.
- One of the shoulder blades appears more prominent.
- Unbalanced leg length.
Scoliosis can also cause back pain, although not all people with scoliosis experience this. Adult scoliosis sufferers often experience back pain at the point of the arch, and this pain may increase if the spinal cord is worse.
The pain experienced by people with scoliosis is very diverse. Some scoliosis sufferers experience pain from the spine to the legs, hips, and even to the hands, especially when they are walking or standing. The pain subsided if they lay with their backs straight or on one side of the body. Some scoliosis sufferers experience constant back pain, regardless of their position. In addition to back pain, patients with severe scoliosis can also have difficulty breathing.
Scoliosis can also affect the nervous system if the nerve endings are compressed by one or more curved spines. This can cause the legs to feel numb or weak, incontinent or unable to resist bowel movements. Some male scoliosis sufferers may experience erectile dysfunction.
Symptoms of scoliosis in children may not be realized because it usually does not cause pain and its appearance slowly. If you suspect your child has symptoms of scoliosis, see your doctor immediately for a further examination.
Causes of Scoliosis
Most scoliosis diseases cannot be prevented because often this condition is the unknown cause. There are several types of scoliosis that are grouped according to the cause as below.
- idiopathic scoliosis. The case of the unknown cause of scoliosis is called idiopathic. This idiopathic scoliosis cannot be prevented and is not affected by age, exercise, or posture. Genetic factors are thought to play an important role in the occurrence of this condition. Idiopathic scoliosis affects as much as 80 percent of the number of people with scoliosis.
- degenerative scoliosis. Degenerative scoliosis occurs due to spinal damage to the spine slowly. This type of scoliosis afflicts adults because as they get older, some parts of the spine become weak and narrow. In addition, there are several diseases or disorders associated with the spine that can cause degenerative scolioses, such as osteoporosis, Parkinson’s disease, motor neuron disease, multiple sclerosis, and spinal damage caused by surgery.
- Congenital scoliosis. Congenital or congenital scoliosis is caused by a spine that does not grow normally when the baby is in the womb.
- Neuromuscular scoliosis. Spinal deformities caused by neurological and musculatory disorders such as in cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy.
Diagnosis of Scoliosis
Scoliosis can be diagnosed by a physician by means of a physical examination of the shoulders, spine, ribs, and hips to see if there is anything protruding from any of the sections.
In addition, doctors will also perform nerve-related examinations, such as checking the body’s normal reflex, muscle and muscle strength.
X-rays can be performed to see the angle of the spine or Cobb angle and confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis. Orthopedic doctors may suggest follow-up tests if needed, such as a CT scan or MRI scan, especially if other triggers such as a tumor are suspected.
Scoliosis treatment performed will be based on the severity, age, location and pattern of the arch, and the sex of the patient. Some treatments that can be done are as follows.
Observation by physical examination and X-ray can be done every four to six months to monitor the development of the arch. Most scoliosis suffered by children is not severe and does not require treatment because the bone is curved can return to normal as the child’s development.
The buffer required to stop the spinal cord is worsening and is usually given to a scoliosis sufferer of children of growing age. Although it can not cure scoliosis, wearing a support can prevent scoliosis from getting worse.
Treatment with medication is usually given to adult scoliosis patients and aims to relieve pain. Drugs given are usually paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (AINS), such as ibuprofen. If the condition is severe enough, the doctor may inject steroid drugs to relieve the pain, even if only for the short term.
Surgery is only performed if other scoliosis treatments are unsuccessful. The operation will strengthen the spine by using screws and steel stalks. In addition, adults with spinal joint abnormalities can perform decompression surgery to remove bones that suppress the nerves. Although rare, surgery has several risks, such as patients experiencing shifts in steel stalks, infections, blood clots and nerve damage.
In addition to drugs and surgery, regular exercise or physiotherapy is often recommended to strengthen the doctor’s posture and flexing the body. Ask your doctor what kind of exercise is right for your condition.
Complications of Scoliosis
Complications due to scoliosis can occur if not treated properly, but this is rare. The following are some of the possible complications of scoliosis.
- Heart and lung problems.
In severe scoliosis or whose spine curves over 70 degrees will have difficulty breathing and the heart will be difficult to pump blood throughout the body as a result of depressed heart and lungs by the chest cavity. This condition can result in patients suffering from pneumonia (lung infection), to heart failure.
- Back problems.
Long-term back pain and arthritis usually affect adults who as young as suffering from scoliosis.
- Neural problems.
Adult patients with bone conditions suppress nerves potentially experience complications such as back pain, weak legs or numbness, unable to withstand urine or feces removal, to erectile difficulties for men.
In addition to medical terms, patients often experience depression due to posture that is not the same as those around. Support from the family and the environment is necessary in this regard.