Symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis | The liver becomes an organ that is often attacked by various diseases. For example, Autoimmune Hepatitis or often abbreviated AIH is one cause of chronic hepatitis, which if not treated with can lead to cirrhosis and kidney failure.
Autoimmune hepatitis can attack in all types of ethnicity and age with peak incidence in women preadolescence, with a ratio of women and men 4: 1
The incidence of autoimmune hepatitis among white Europeans is 1.9 cases per 100,000 people per year, with a prevalence of 16.9 cases per 100,000 people
In American autoimmune hepatitis occurs in 100,000 to 200,000 people and constitutes 5.9% of all transplant cases in the country and 2.6% of liver transplants in Europe
What is autoimmune hepatitis?
Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic disease in which the body’s immune system attacks the liver cells. It causes hepatitis, or inflammation of the liver (swelling).
Autoimmune hepatitis is a serious disease that can lead to cirrhosis (hardening) and liver failure if not treated properly. Autoimmune hepatitis is not contagious and can not be prevented.
How common is autoimmune hepatitis?
Anyone can get autoimmune hepatitis, but women have a higher risk. Approximately 70% of autoimmune hepatitis patients are women, many of which are aged between 15-40 years. You can reduce your risk of autoimmune hepatitis by reducing risk factors. Consult your doctor for more information.
Symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis?
Autoimmune hepatitis can cause different symptoms in each person. However, fatigue is the most common symptom. Other symptoms may include:
- Joint pain
- Dense yellow urine
- Pale feces
- Jaundice (yellow skin)
- Liver swelling (hepatomegaly) that causes feelings of uncomfortable
Symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis range from mild to severe. In some cases, the patient does not see any symptoms when he or she encounters a doctor, and then symptoms begin to appear.
People with severe disease may have symptoms such as fluid in the abdomen (ascites) and mental confusion. At this point, the patient may also have symptoms of liver failure or cirrhosis.
There may be symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about a Symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis, consult your physician.
What is the cause of autoimmune hepatitis?
The cause of autoimmune hepatitis is because the immune system of the patient cannot distinguish healthy body tissues from harmful ones. Until now, scientists have not found a definite answer to this health condition, which may be caused by genetic factors or the impact of the environment.
What can trigger or aggravate autoimmune hepatitis?
Some of the factors that can trigger or aggravate autoimmune hepatitis include:
- Ignoring the side effects of drugs, such as:
- Weight loss
- Thinning of hair and skin
- Psychotic vision
- Consume alcohol. Consuming large amounts of alcohol can damage the liver
- Ignoring abnormal symptoms or signs of illness
- Not consult your doctor from the start when symptoms begin to appear
- Do not cooperate with doctor’s treatment, such as: not taking the medicine according to the invitation; not following a scheduled meeting with a doctor, or disagreeing with therapy
What increases my risk for autoimmune hepatitis?
There are many factors that can increase the risk of autoimmune hepatitis, including:
- Gender: although men and women can develop autoimmune hepatitis, it is more common in women
- History of certain infections: autoimmune hepatitis may develop after bacterial or viral infection
- Use of certain medications such as minocucline antibiotics (dynacyn, minocin, etc.). Atorvastatin cholesterol (Lipitor) drugs have been linked to autoimmune hepatitis
- Derivatives: evidence suggests that autoimmune hepatitis tendency decreases in the family
- Have autoimmune disease. People with autoimmune disease are more likely to develop autoimmune hepatitis
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