Signs of a Migraine? A migraine suffers from a headache that throbs and worsens every time they move. A headache is generally felt on one side of the head. In certain cases. pain can also occur on both sides of the head, face, or neck. The perceived pulsation can be so great that it makes you unable to move normally.
The process of Migraine Occurrence
Although not all migraine sufferers feel everything, the following four stages are general.
- Stage before a headache or called ‘prodormal’: body change one or two days before a migraine attack. These include mood, appetite, constipation, thirst and frequent urination.
- Aura: usually a vision-related disorder, like a blur of blurred vision. Aura is a symptom of the nervous system. Therefore, in some cases, the patient may experience interference in other organ systems such as verbal, sensory and motor disorders. This process can occur before or during a migraine. However, most patients do not experience this process.
- A headache: a severe headache on one or both heads, usually accompanied by sensitivity to light and sound, nausea and vomiting. This stage can last for approximately 4-72 hours.
- Resolution or post-drome: when all the symptoms gradually subside and the person feels tired for several days.
Signs that Accompany Migraine
Migraine signs take from four hours to three days to completely disappear. This can cause the patient to feel tired for a week after a migraine attack. In addition to headaches, there are other signs that often appear together or precede migraine headaches:
You may feel nauseated, followed by vomiting.
- Less concentration.
- Feeling very cold or very hot to sweat.
- Stomach pain (sometimes causing diarrhea).
- Sensitive to light and sound that cause migraine sufferers feel more comfortable in a dark and quiet place.
Not everyone experiences the above symptoms when they have migraines. These symptoms also do not always occur simultaneously. In some cases, people can feel these symptoms without feeling migraine headaches.
Symptoms of Aura
Aura is a symptom that is felt before the onset of migraine attacks. In some literature, aura symptoms can also be called prodrome. Research has detected that aura occurs mainly due to chemical changes in the brain. About 1 in 3 migraine sufferers experience an aura before a headache appears.
Before a headache begins to be felt, there is a symptom of aura that usually lasts between 5 minutes to one hour. Although a headache is the most common migraine symptom, not all sufferers will feel it. Some suffer only mild headaches, while others only experience aura symptoms.
Here are some signs of aura that may be felt:
- Numbness or perhaps a tingling needle-like stabbing begins on one hand and up into the arm before it is felt on the face, lips, and tongue.
- Impaired vision. You are like seeing flashes of light, winding patterns or dark spots.
- Loss of balance and coordination of limbs. Patients will feel lost direction or dizzy.
- Difficulty speaking.
- In rare cases, it may collapse.
When to Seek Medical Assistance?
If you have a migraine attack more than five days a month or if the pain caused cannot be treated with over-the-counter medicines in the pharmacy, you should consult your doctor immediately.
In addition, you need to be vigilant because certain headaches can refer to other serious diseases, such as stroke or meningitis, especially with the following symptoms:
- Unbearable headaches that occur suddenly and have never been felt.
- The arms and/or one side of the face, or all of them, feel weak or paralyzed.
- Headaches that coincide with fever, seizures, stiff neck, confusion, double vision, and skin rashes.
- Speech and lips movements are hard to understand.