Leukemia is a white blood cancer that can affect children and adults. Did you know that this is one type of cancer in most children, therefore we need to recognize what are the signs of leukemia in children so that we can detect it early to get treatment as soon as possible.
In most cases, the cause of leukemia in children cannot be determined. When the disease occurs, signs of leukemia may vary from one child to another.
The symptoms of chronic leukemia generally develop slowly, but in acute leukemia may appear suddenly. Some of the symptoms of leukemia can be confusing because it is similar to other diseases in children, for that we must be keen to distinguish it.
What are the Symptoms of Leukemia in Children? Here we will describe seven important symptoms of leukemia in children.
It is important to note that when a child has some of the following symptoms it does not mean that your child has leukemia. Therefore, make this an early detection step which then requires a doctor’s examination to confirm it.
1. Bruising and Bleeding. One of the symptoms of leukemia in children that is easy to observe is bruising and bleeding, a child will bleed more than usual after a minor injury or bleeding can be a nosebleed so frequent and never stop.The child can also easily bruise or have small red spots on the skin (petechiae), caused by small blood vessels that have bled. The above symptoms occur due to the inability of blood to freeze because the leukemia platelet levels (platelets) the number tends to decrease.
2. Stomach problems. Children suffering from leukemia will feel pain in their stomach, this is because the leukemia cells will accumulate in the spleen, liver, and kidney, which causes enlargement of the organs. In some cases, your doctor may be able to check for any swelling of the abdominal organs. This condition can also make the child has a poor appetite or cannot eat in a normal amount. Of course, the weight will come down.
3. Breathing difficulties. Leukemia cells can propagate around the thymus, the gland at the base of the neck. This can make a child difficult to breathe (dyspnea).
Difficulty breathing can also be caused by swollen lymph nodes in the chest that push the throat. A child with leukemia may experience coughing or wheezing. Do not be underestimated! Breathing and painful breathing should be considered a medical emergency that requires immediate relief.
4. Frequently Infected. We know that white blood cells are indispensable for fighting infections, but the immature white blood cells in leukemia are numerous and can not function properly. Therefore, the symptoms of leukemia in children next are often exposed to viral or bacterial infections. Symptoms include a cough, fever, diarrhea, and runny nose. These infections often show no improvement, or heal for long periods of time, even with the use of antibiotics or other medications.
5. Swollen Lymph nodes filter the blood, but leukemia cells sometimes accumulate in the lymph nodes. This can cause swelling in the armpits, in the neck, above the collarbone, or in the groin (groin). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans can detect any swollen lymph nodes in the organs in the abdomen or inside the chest. An enlarged thymus can suppress blood vessels that carry blood from the arms and head to the heart. This pressure can cause unstoppable blood and cause swelling of the face and arms. The head, arms, and upper chest can turn a bluish-red color. Symptoms of leukemia in other children due to this process include frequent headaches and dizziness.
6. Bone and Joint pain Did you know that our blood cells are produced in bone marrow. Leukemia forces the bone marrow to produce white blood cells so quickly, causing a high number of abnormal blood cells. Giat production of blood cells and buildup can cause pain and pain to bones and joints. Some children who have leukemia may complain of low back pain or may feel lazy to move because of illness.
7.Anemia Red blood cells help to distribute oxygen throughout the body. As a result of the vigorous formation of white blood cells, bone marrow to produce little red blood cells until finally, the number is below the normal value, over time an anemia occurs. Symptoms of anemia are also present in leukemia in children include fatigue, pale skin, dizzy dizziness and rapid breathing. If blood flow to the brain is reduced, a child may become less focused and talk digress.
Blood tests will show low red blood cell count or hemoglobin (Hb). 100 Blood Glucose Foods to Increase Hb Levels What is the fate of children affected by leukemia? Remember, having some of these symptoms is not always that child is exposed to leukemia.
Early diagnosis through examination by the doctor and appropriate treatment can improve good outcomes. Always consult your pediatrician. There are several forms of leukemia and many factors that affect the prognosis.
According to the American Cancer Society, survival rates for some types of leukemia have increased over time as medical technology advances.