Signs of type two diabetes. In the United States, there are about 24 million people with diabetes, and only 18 million people know that they have diabetes.
About 90% of diabetics have type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes is often called a silent killer because it has vague symptoms. The best way to make sure everything is to do a blood sugar test.
But if you have any of the following symptoms, immediately consult a health care center or doctor. The following is a sign of type two diabetes
Frequent urination and excessive thirst
Often waking up at night to urinate can be a signs of type two diabetes. In this condition, the kidneys work very actively to get rid of excess glucose in the blood.
Excessive thirst is the body’s response to replenish the fluid lost by frequent urination. Both of these symptoms go hand in hand as the body’s mechanism to lower blood sugar levels.
High blood sugar levels are a sign of type two diabetes. This can lead to rapid weight loss.
Because the hormone insulin is unable to send glucose into the cells to use as energy, the body begins to break down proteins from the muscles as an alternative energy source.
The kidneys also go the extra mile to remove excess sugar and cause loss of calories that can harm the kidneys.
Excessive hunger is a sign of type two diabetes. This occurs due to high sugar levels but can not enter the cells for use in metabolic processes.
When blood sugar levels cannot enter the cells, the body thinks that they have not been getting food intake so it sends hunger signals to get more glucose in order for the cells to function.
Itchy, dry skin can be a sign of type 2 diabetes next. Another example is acanthosis nigricans that is darkening the skin around the neck or armpits.
People who have this condition are already experiencing insulin resistance processes although their blood sugar may not be high.
Slow wound healing
The next signs of type two diabetes are infections, cuts, and bruises that do not heal. This is due to the veins and arteries damaged by excessive amounts of glucose.
This condition makes the blood difficult to reach areas of the wounded body to facilitate the healing process.
Diabetes will lower the immune system in general. The body becomes susceptible to various infections, including most common infections such as fungi (candida).
Mushrooms and bacteria are able to breed rapidly in a sugar-rich environment. Women, in particular, need to be alert to candida infections such as vaginal discharge.
Fatigue and irritability
People who have high blood sugar levels generally will feel unwell. Often waking up at night to urinate, will make the body not fresh the next day. This condition makes the person tired and irritable.
The next two types of diabetes are blurred or occasional eyesight as seeing the blinking light is a direct result of high blood sugar levels. High glucose levels are able to change the shape of the lens and the eye.
The good news is that these symptoms are reversible (back to normal) when the blood sugar level returns or approaches normal. However, uncontrolled sugar levels will cause permanent damage, even blindness.
Tingling or numbness
Tingling and numbness in the hands and feet, along with the burning or swelling pain are signs of type 2 diabetes that the nerves are being damaged by diabetes. If left unchecked, this condition can cause permanent neuropathy (nerve damage).
Result of blood test
Some test methods can be used to check diabetes, but a single test result is never enough to diagnose diabetes (tests should be repeated).
One test is a plasma glucose test after fasting. Tests performed to check blood sugar after a night (or eight hours) do not eat.
Blood glucose above 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) on two different tests would mean diabetes.
Normal blood glucose is 99 mg / dL. Blood sugar levels of 100 to 125 mg / dL would be considered prediabetes