Symptoms of mitral valve prolapse. Mitral valve prolapse or mitral valve prolapse (MVP) prolapse is a condition in which the mitral valve that separates the left ventricle and the left ventricle of the heart does not close completely. Under normal conditions, when the heart contracts, the mitral valve closes completely.
While in patients with MVP, when the heart contracts, the tip of the mitral valve protrudes or prolapse into the left portico of the heart.
As a result, some of the blood can go back into the left atrium of the heart.
Although this disorder lasts a lifetime, many patients who do not experience any symptoms, do not even know that he suffered from MVP.
Generally, the symptoms of mitral valve prolapse arise from the blood coming back through the valve (regurgitation). MVP symptoms may vary between patients with one another.
What are the symptoms of mitral valve prolapse?
Even mild symptoms can develop gradually. Here are some of the symptoms of mitral valve prolapse:
- Rapid and irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias)
- Shortness when heavy activity or when sleeping in supine position
- Chest pain is not a result of a heart attack or coronary heart disease
If you experience symptoms of mitral valve prolapse, there is no harm in examining yourself to the doctor. Some other diseases have similar symptoms to MVP, the doctor will help you determine the origin of the symptoms.
What to do?
The doctor may perform several checks to make the diagnosis if the mitral valve prolapse symptoms have been seen, among others:
- Chest X-rays
- Treadmill test
- Coronary angiogram and cardiac catheterization
If you have been declared as having MVP, see your doctor if the mitral valve prolapse symptoms are noticeably burdensome. Although rarely symptomatic, under severe conditions, patients with MVP may experience the following complications:
- mitral valve regurgitation is a condition where the blood returns to the left portico of the heart due to the valve does not close completely. Patients with men or people with hypertension have a higher risk of experiencing this. If regurgitation is severe enough, valve replacement surgery is required to prevent more severe complications of a stroke.
- Arrhythmias, although disturbing, are usually not life-threatening. Patients with severe regurgitation may experience serious arrhythmia problems that interfere with blood flow through the heart.
- Cardiac valve infections (endocarditis), the four chambers and the heart valves are covered by a thin membrane called the endocardium. MVP patients are at higher risk of developing infections of endocardium called endocarditis.
How to treatment?
Patients with MVP who do not experience Mitral valve prolapse symptoms generally do not require therapy. Possible therapies given to patients with MVP with symptoms are as follows:
- Drugs for heart arrhythmias
- Diuretics to remove fluid in the lungs in the event of acute heart failure
- Aspirin and anticoagulant medications to prevent blood clots from arrhythmias
In the case of severe regurgitation and medication cannot help optimally, surgery is necessary to repair or replace the mitral valve of the heart.
In general, in MVP that does not cause symptoms or only cause mild symptoms, there is no lifestyle, exercise, or dietary restriction. However, you need to consult your doctor about the need for lifestyle changes. In patients with MVP with regurgitation is not recommended to exercise heavy and excessive.