Thyroid Symptoms in Women! In the center of the neck, lies the butterfly-shaped gland is known as the thyroid gland. The main function is to produce two hormones; thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Production of this hormone in sufficient quantities is very important because both T3 and T4 various functions control the body. Most importantly, they ensure the normal metabolic rate, which is necessary to maintain health.
When the function of the thyroid gland goes wrinkled, some health problems erupt and affect the quality of life. When talking about thyroid disorders, reports indicate that women are four times more vulnerable than men. Thyroid problems in women are usually not worrisome but treatment in the form of oral medication becomes important when symptoms are disturbing.
Thyroid Disorders in Women
Thyroid Cancer: cancer that attacks the thyroid gland is rare and is therefore considered to be the most common cause of thyroid problems. Although the exact cause is unknown, those taking radiation therapy on the neck and head are at an increased risk of developing thyroid cancer.
Radiation treatment involves bombarding the light with a certain wavelength on the target site, more specifically the surface of the skin to treat skin disorders such as acne. However, this drug can harm the thyroid gland and contribute to lifting the possibility of thyroid cancer.
Thyroid Nodules: In this condition, the part of the thyroid gland is swollen by a nodule, which is nothing but a fluid bump. In some cases, solid lumps contain blood, not fluid. Swelling may be due to only one or more nodules. Whatever may happen, it triggers thyroid dysfunction, eventually leading to hyperthyroidism. Sometimes, the nodule is so large that it can be difficult to breathe and swallow food well. With nodules, the voice can become hoarse and the patient may also often cough. Having the advantages of daily goitrogenic foods that are famous for disrupting the function of the thyroid is one of the causes of the development of nodules.
Thyroid symptoms in women will vary according to the level of the thyroid. Whether it is low thyroid hormone production or high levels, symptoms usually affect the menstrual cycle. This is explained below:
Symptoms of hypothyroidism: In cases, thyroid problems cause hypothyroidism, a condition characterized by a lack of production of T3 and T4, the possible symptoms are as follows:
- Persistent fatigue
- cold intolerance
- Weight gain
- Dry skin is visibly swollen visible on the face
- Abnormal high cholesterol levels
- swollen joints
- Muscle aches
- heavy period
- swollen joints
- Brittle or weak nails (nails easy to peel or crack)
- Hoarse voice
- Lethargy due to lack of energy
- Emotional symptoms such as depression
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism: Thyroid disorders that increase thyroid hormone secretion to abnormally high levels can cause the following symptoms:
- Unexplained weight loss
- Heart Racy (fast heartbeat)
- excessive sweating
- Frequent bowel movements
- mild menstruation
- Difficulty getting quality sleep
- Intolerance to heat
- Muscle weakness
Chronic smoking may increase the likelihood of getting thyroid problems. Taking immunosuppressants is also said to induce thyroid dysfunction. Serious neck injuries, lack of iodine diet and overeating of soy foods are some of the main triggers of thyroid disorders. What are the conditions that cause impaired thyroid gland function? Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Graves’ disease are conditions that produce damaging effects on the thyroid gland. This thyroid condition, as well as other causes of impaired thyroid gland function, are fairly fair given below:
Autoimmune disorders: poor thyroid function is also associated with an autoimmune disorder known as Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. In both of these conditions, the thyroid gland must face the burden of invading the immune system. Now, the thyroid gland is not strong enough to avoid immune system attacks. The thyroid gland becomes inflamed and also loses its ability to work properly. A good swelling thyroid may cause hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, depending on the amount of damage caused by the immune system.
Drugs: Non-drug use to treat hyperthyroidism (excessive thyroid count) is often the reason behind the lack of hormone production. Although, anti-thyroid drugs do help to stabilize excessive thyroid levels, when taken in large doses, can permanently deactivate the thyroid gland, which can lead to hypothyroidism.
Surgery: The surgical procedure involves the removal of the main part of the thyroid gland, it can also cause thyroid problems in women who usually manifest in the form of an inactive thyroid.
Thyroid Problems and Weight Loss
Unexplained weight gain occurs in women with hypothyroidism. In hypothyroidism, decreased thyroid hormone creation can be observed. As a result, the body is no longer able to regulate the metabolic rate. To be more specific, the metabolic rate of hypothyroidism is much slowed down. As we all know, metabolism is the process by which food is converted into energy. As the rate of metabolic rate decreases, the decrease in energy production and most of the food consumed is stored as fat deposits. This additional fat accumulation eventually leads to weight gain.
Thyroid Problems After Pregnancy
Any of the thyroid disorders discussed below can occur after pregnancy. About 5% of women suffer from thyroid problems after pregnancy. After giving birth to a baby, the new mother may indicate a swollen thyroid. Abnormal inflammation interferes with the normal functioning of the thyroid and ultimately results in too much or too little production of the thyroid gland.
Treatment for this thyroid condition aims to stabilize thyroid levels. After diagnosing the type of thyroid disorder, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate medication to restore the thyroid level. For hyperthyroidism, anti-thyroid drugs are recommended which help to slow thyroid activity. On the other hand, women who are diagnosed with hypothyroidism will be required to take thyroid pills to improve thyroid function.