types of autoimmune diseases

12 Types of Autoimmune Diseases You Need to Know

Types of autoimmune diseases | Autoimmune disease is a type of disease that makes the immune system that should protect it instead of invading the body’s own tissues.

In autoimmune diseases, the immune system can not distinguish things that are bad for the body and good substances that nourish the body, so the system will attack the healthy substances needed by the body.

Autoimmune diseases have almost the same symptoms such as mild fever, fatigue, and dizziness.

types of autoimmune diseases

types of autoimmune diseases

Types of autoimmune diseases and symptoms.

  1. Type 1 Diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes can occur as insulin-producing cells are damaged or attacked by the immune system itself. This results in the body being unable to produce insulin and causing the body to excess blood sugar levels. If excessive sugar levels can damage the kidneys, nerves, gums, eyes, and teeth. Under conditions that are already severe this type 1 diabetes can cause a heart attack.

For symptoms of type 1 diabetes are visual disturbances, dry and itchy skin, weight loss occurs, if there is a wound the wound will be difficult to cure, frequent urination, often feel thirsty, easy to feel hungry and not powered, and tingling problems.

  1. Celiac disease.

Next type of autoimmune disease that we need to know is celiac disease. Celiac disease invades the body by the inability of the body to tolerate gluten, a substance present in wheat. So that if the substance of gluten enters the body of the immune system will feel alien to the substance and the body responds by doing damage to the lining of the small intestine.

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As for symptoms of celiac disease is a problem of diarrhea or constipation, weight gain and decrease, stomach feels bloated and pain, fatigue, infertility or miscarriage and the appearance of skin rashes that itch.

  1. Alopecia areata.

Autoimmune disease alopecia areata is working on the hair follicle part or where the hair grows. Although rarely found in the health disorders caused by alopecia areata this will affect the aesthetic problem.

Symptoms of alopecia areata are the occurrence of hair loss in the scalp and other parts that have the potential to have hair.

  1. Autoimmune hepatitis.

One types of autoimmune diseases are autoimmune hepatitis that is the existence of the immune system that attacks or destroys the cells of the liver. As a result, there are scarring and hardening of the liver that can develop the risk of liver failure.

Symptoms are often tired, the color of the skin and eyes yellow, the appearance of itching of the skin, joint pain, abdominal pain and enlargement of the liver.

  1. Graves’ disease.

This autoimmune will make the problem of the thyroid gland that works too active and eventually makes the production of excessive thyroid hormone.

Symptoms include emotional, insomnia, sleeping difficulties, weight loss, often trembling hands, prominent eyes, short menstrual cycles, very sweating, very sensitive to heat, weakened muscles, hair loss or fractures and can sometimes cause no symptoms any.

  1. Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Types of autoimmune diseases will make the immune system attack the nervous system that connects the brain organ and spinal cord with all the organs of the body. As a result of this nerve damage will result in disruption of sending signals in the body that ultimately make the muscles experience resistance in the response to the brain.

Symptoms include, for severe symptoms will lead to problems of paralysis, tingling that attacks the feet and can extend to the upper body.

  1. Hashimoto’s disease.

Types of autoimmune diseases are the opposite of Graves’s disease, which will make the thyroid gland less able to produce thyroid hormone.

The symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease are fatigue, weight gain, joint or stiff pain problems, muscle aches, swollen faces, difficult bowel movements, sensitive to cold, and muscle weakness.

  1. Hemolytic anemia.

Hemolytic anemia will make the immune system actually cause damage to red blood cells, and the body does not have the ability to create new blood cells with a fast time. The impact will make the supply of oxygen disrupted so that the body can not get the amount of oxygen and will make the liver organ performance even harder to be able to move oxygen-filled blood throughout the body.

Symptoms are a headache or dizziness, shortness of breath, fatigue, hands, and feet are often cold, pale face, skin, and eyes turn yellow and can lead to heart failure.

  1. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD).

In Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the immune system will lead to chronic inflammatory problems in the digestive tract.

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For symptoms that can be caused, among others, the occurrence of fever, decreased body weight, fatigue, oral ulcers, pain when defecating, diarrhea that sometimes accompanied by blood, rectal bleeding, and abdominal pain.

  1. Multiple sclerosis (MS).

Types of autoimmune diseases that make the immune system end up attacking layers that protect the area around the nerves. The result will affect the brain organ and also the spinal cord.

Symptoms include feeling tingling or numbness in the hands and also the legs, muscles experience weakness so that feel difficult to maintain body balance, paralysis, tremors, difficulty speaking and walking.

  1. Inflammatory Myopathies.

Inflammatory myopathies are the cause of inflammatory problems in muscle or muscle weakness.

The symptom is the progressive weakening of the muscle that occurs in the closest muscle to the torso. Patients can also experience difficulty to breathe or swallow, easily fall, and often feel tired after walking or standing.

  1. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP).

Types of autoimmune diseases that cause the immune system to destroy platelets, which should be needed by the body to freeze blood.

Symptoms such as the occurrence of nosebleeds or bleeding in the mouth, easy bruising, long periods of menstruation, and the emergence of small reddish spots or red on the skin that looks like a rash.

And many more Types of autoimmune diseases that often attacks the body. Like Myasthenia Gravis (MG), Primary biliary cirrhosis, Psoriasis, Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Scleroderma, Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

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