What are The Symptoms of Celiac Disease? Celiac disease is a condition in which a person’s digestion undergoes a negative reaction when taking gluten. Gluten itself is a protein that can be found in several types of cereals such as wheat, barley, and rye. Some of the foods that contain these cereals are pasta, keik, breakfast cereals, sauce or some soy sauce, most bread, and some types of fast food.
Celiac is not an allergy or a body’s intolerance to gluten. This disease is an autoimmune condition in which the body incorrectly recognizes the compounds contained in gluten as a threat to the body. So the immune system attacks it and affects healthy body tissues
If the immune system constantly attacks healthy tissue, it can cause inflammation that damages the intestinal wall. And ultimately interfere with the absorption of nutrients from food.
Symptoms of Celiac Disease
Symptoms are something that is felt and told by the sufferer. The most common symptom felt by celiac disease is diarrhea. This happens because the inability of the digestive system to absorb nutrients from food perfectly (malabsorption).
The inability of the body to absorb nutrients makes the stool contains high levels of fat. Dirt released by people with celiac disease will smell unpleasant, oily, and frothy. Other symptoms commonly felt by people with celiac disease are:
- Abdominal pain.
- Changes in frequency of bowel movements, as well as changes in color and shape of dirt.
- Weight loss.
- Tingling and numbness in the fingertips and feet, due to damage to the nervous system
- Swelling of the hands, soles of the feet, arms and legs, caused by an accumulation of fluid in body tissues.
- Damage to bone density.
- Damage to the teeth layer.
- Rashes on itchy skin and abrasions (dermatitis herpetiformis).
- Pain in joints.
- Impaired body balance.
- Impaired function of the spleen.
Symptoms usually felt by infants with celiac disease are:
- Chronic diarrhea.
- Weight loss until failure grows.
While in children with celiac disease, symptoms that may be felt are:
- The body height is below average.
- Puberty is too late.
- Neurological disorders, such as ADHD, learning disabilities, headaches, and poor muscle coordination.
Causes and Risk Factors for Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is caused by an abnormal reaction of the immune system of the patient to gluten. This is an example of an autoimmune disease. However, the exact cause of this abnormal immune system reaction is still unknown to date.
Considering gluten as a threat, the body’s immune system will produce antibodies. This antibody substance will make the hairs (villi) on the surface of the intestine to be damaged, so the process of absorption of nutrients from food to be imperfect.
Sometimes, the new celiac disease is active for the first time after a surgical procedure, during pregnancy and birth, due to a viral infection or severe emotional disturbance. Here are some factors that increase a person’s risk of developing celiac disease:
- Hereditary factors. If you have a family member with celiac disease, the risk for celiac disease is also greater.
- Environmental factors. A person who has had a gastrointestinal infection, such as rotavirus infection, while still a child will have a greater risk of celiac disease.
- Health condition. Some diseases such as type 1 diabetes, ulcerative colitis, neurological disorders, Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, Sjorgen syndrome, and autoimmune disease may increase the risk of celiac dis