What Causes a Migraine?



What causes a migraine ?. Maybe in our minds often think about what causes a migraine. Before we discuss the causes of a migraine, we should first know what a migraine. A migraine is moderate to a severe headache that feels pulsating, which is generally only on the side of the head. This disease is more often suffered by women than men. According to WHO research results, of the total human population aged 18-65 years who reported having experienced headaches, about 30 percent are migraine headaches.


Identify Migraine

There are no specific tests to diagnose a migraine. A migraine can be diagnosed by identifying patterns of headaches that match the symptoms of a migraine.

In addition to headaches, some sufferers also feel nausea, vomiting, and become much more sensitive to light or sound. There are several types of migraines that you need to recognize:

  1. A migraine without aura: migraine headaches that occur without any signs or symptoms. A migraine without aura is diagnosed after the patient is known to have a history of migraine attacks five times.
  2. A migraine with aura: signs that initiate migraine headaches are called auras. Signs that are felt before a migraine is generally a problem of vision (flash of light on the eyes), stiffness in the neck and tingling in the li A migraine with aura is also known as a classic migraine. This type is experienced by about a third of people with a migraine.
  3. Migraine headaches without headaches: migraines occur when a person experiences an aura or other migraine symptoms, but without a headache.

Factors That Cause A migraine

some of the following factors are thought to be contributing to the cause.


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  1. Hormonal factors. Hormonal changes cause some women to feel a migraine during menstruation.
  2. Children who are overweight are at increased risk of migraine attacks more often.
  3. Gene factors.
  4. Temporary changes in chemicals, neural networks, brain and blood vessels.
  5. Consumption of certain foods and beverages. Caffeine, chocolate, seasoning cheese (eg MSG), and alcohol can trigger a migraine.
  6. Other trigger factors, such as stress and fatigue may trigger migraines in some people.

Identify Migraine Triggers

Recurrence of a migraine may be prevented by the following steps:


What to do For a Migraine?

  1. Living a healthy lifestyle with adequate and regular sleep, regular exercise, healthy diet, limit the consumption of liquor, and caffeine.
  2. Identify and avoid migraine triggers, such as lack of rest, stress, and consumption of certain foods and beverages.
  3. Avoid consumption of certain drugs, such as in women with a migraine, it is advisable to avoid drugs containing estrogen, such as birth control pills.

How to Handle Migraines

A migraine can have a major impact on the life of the person. You sometimes become unable to move normally as a result of this illness and require rest periods in bed for several days when and after a migraine attack. In addition, you should also take anti-vomiting drugs to reduce nausea. You can also take drugs that work to reduce migraine painkillers and triptans.


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Lying in a dark room is often the easiest solution to do when a migraine attacks. One treatment that can help relieve the pain felt is by taking anti-vomiting drugs to reduce nausea and vomiting. Some other medications are also commonly used to treat migraines, painkillers, and triptans.

When migraines sometimes can lead to our condition from time to time. However, migraine sufferers will tend to improve in a matter of years, you have to keep the condition.

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