What Causes Diabetes in Dogs?
What is diabetes in dogs?
what causes diabetes in dogs. Diabetes in dogs is a complex disease caused by a lack of insulin hormone or a lack of response to insulin.
After the dog eats, his digestive system will break down food into various components including glucose, which is carried into the body cells by insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas).
When a dog does not produce insulin or can not use it normally, its blood sugar level will rise. The result is hyperglycemia which, if left untreated, will cause many serious health problems for the dog.
What type of diabetes is most prevalent in dogs?
Diabetes can be classified into two types, namely, type 1 (lack of insulin production) or type 2 (insulin production disorders along with inadequate response to hormones)
Type of diabetes in dogs that often occur is type 1 (insulin-dependent diabetes), diabetes can occur because the pancreas is not able to produce or produce adequate insulin.
Dogs that have type 1 require insulin therapy to survive. Type 2 diabetes is found in cats and a lack of normal response to insulin.
What are the symptoms of diabetes in dogs?
Here are the symptoms that can be suffered by dogs :
- Changes in appetite (often hungry)
- Excessive thirst/drinking water more often than usual
- Weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Unusual breath smells like sweet smelling
- Urinary tract infection
- Cataract formation, blindness
- Chronic skin infections
What causes diabetes in dogs?
What causes diabetes in dogs? The cause of diabetes in dogs is certainly unknown. However, immune diseases, genetics, obesity, chronic pancreatitis, certain treatments and abnormal protein deposits in the pancreas can play an important role in the progression of the disease.
What dogs are susceptible to diabetes?
It is estimated that obese dogs and female dogs may have a greater risk of developing diabetes later in life (age 6-9 years).
Some types of races also have a greater degree of risk, such as Australian terrier, standard and miniature schnauzer, dachshund, poodle, Keeshond, and Samoyed. Diabetes in adolescence can also occur and mainly occurs in golden retrievers and Keeshonds.
How to treat diabetes in dogs?
The treatment of diabetes is based on how severe symptoms and laboratory outcomes and whether there are other health problems that can complicate therapy.
Every dog has a slightly different response to treatment and therapy should be tailored to every dog throughout his life.
- For dogs who are already seriously ill the first time they are diagnosed will require intensive care in the hospital for several days to regulate their blood sugar levels.
- For dogs with stable conditions when first diagnosed, will get oral medication or high fiber diet that will help normalize glucose levels in the blood.
- For most dogs, insulin injections are needed to keep blood sugar levels normal.
What do I need to know when treating a dog at home?
Your veterinarian will explain that it is very important to always give your dog insulin at the same time each day and feed the food according to his treatment period.
This allows the improvement of nutrients in the blood to adjust the high levels of insulin and will reduce the possibility of sugar levels that can be too high or too low.
You can consult your vet to arrange a meal schedule during your dog’s treatment. And it is also important to avoid giving a high glucose meal/treat to your diabetic dog.
Blood glucose examination is an important part of monitoring and treating diabetics and veterinarians will help you arrange a schedule for the examination.
Do not forget to consult a veterinarian about the daily exercise program and proper nutrition for your dog to keep his weight.
What can happen if diabetes is not treated/left alone?
If left untreated, dogs with diabetes can develop secondary health problems such as cataracts and severe urinary tract problems. Ultimately, diabetes can lead to coma and death.