What is Mitral Valve Prolapse? Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is the mitral valve, which thickens, pokes back into the atrium. Sometimes, MVP causes blood to enter back into the atrium from the ventricles or regurgitation. MVP is often not lethal and requires no treatment or lifestyle changes.
How common is mitral valve prolapse?
MVP is very common. Women are especially affected more often than men. You can reduce the chances of getting this disease by reducing risk factors. Consult a physician for more information.
Signs & symptoms
What are the signs and symptoms of mitral valve prolapse?
Mitral valve prolapse usually has no specific symptoms. People often live for years without being aware of this condition. There are other symptoms but difficult to diagnose, namely:
- Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, often while lying down or doing physical activity
- Chest pain is not due to heart attack or coronary artery disease
There may still be other symptoms that are not listed. If you have any questions about signs of illness, consult a doctor.
When should I see a doctor?
If you think you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor. Many other conditions cause symptoms similar to mitral valve prolapse, so seeing a doctor is the only way to determine the cause of your symptoms. If you have chest pain and doubt whether it could be a heart attack, seek emergency medical care as soon as possible. If you have been diagnosed with mitral valve prolapse, see your doctor if symptoms worsen.
What causes mitral valve prolapse?
Mitral valve prolapse may be genetic. People who have chest wall abnormalities and scoliosis may also be exposed to mitral valve prolapse. There are also causes such as rheumatic fever and connective tissue abnormalities of Marfan syndrome.
What increases my risk for mitral valve prolapse?
Certain factors may increase the risk of mitral valve prolapse:
- Marfan’s syndrome
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
- Ebstein anomaly
- Muscular dystrophy
- Graves’ disease
Not having risk factors does not mean you can not get sick. These signs are for reference only. Consult a specialist for more details.
Medication & Treatment
What are my treatment options for mitral valve prolapse?
Treatment of mitral valve prolapse depends on how severe the disease is. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe some medications when you begin to experience symptoms, these medications include aspirin, anticoagulant prescription, beta blockers, diuretics, and medications that help control heart rhythms such as flecainide (Tambocor), procainamide (Procanbid) Sotalol (Betapace) or amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone). In addition you may need surgery to repair or replace the mitral valve if leaking (regurgitation).
What are the usual tests for mitral valve prolapse?
The doctor will make the diagnosis by listening to heart rhythm. Your doctor may diagnose mitral valve prolapse by:
- X-ray or chest CT
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the heart
- Electrocardiogram (ECG).
Treatment at home
What are the lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to overcome mitral valve prolapse?
The lifestyle and home remedies below may help mitral valve prolapse:
- Check with your doctor in a timely manner to monitor the development of illness and health conditions
- Follow doctor’s instructions
- Exercise regularly
- A balanced diet
If you have any questions, consult your doctor for the best solution to your problem.