What is Thyroid Cancer : Explanation, Symptoms, Cause, Treatment
What is thyroid cancer? Thyroid cancer is a disease in which there is an abnormal development of thyroid cells. The thyroid gland is located in the neck, has a role to produce hormones that control metabolism. Thyroid cells are called follicular cells and cell follicles of the follicle range.
Cancer-derived from follicular cells called papillary cancer, follicular cancer, and cancer that has not been categorized. Papillary cancer is the most common type, which occurs in young people.
Follicular cancer usually occurs in elderly people. Undifferentiated cancer is the most dangerous and difficult to treat.
If cancer begins to burden the cells, a cancerous tissue called the marrow will form. Marrow cancer often appears as stand-alone cancer or family cancer, which is a hereditary form. How common is thyroid cancer?
The symptoms of thyroid cancer, the cause of thyroid cancer, and the cure for thyroid cancer will be described further below.
How common is thyroid cancer?
Thyroid cancer occurs in both men and women. This disease can occur in any age group but is more common in women. These people are often exposed to radiation have a higher risk of thyroid cancer.
Signs & symptoms
What are the signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer?
When a new thyroid cancer appears it usually will not have any signs and symptoms. Then after developing, the first signs that appear is the existence of thyroid tumor.
As cancer develops, the disease often spreads to nearby organs and causes the patient to experience hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, swollen lymph nodes, and neck pain.
There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.
When should I see a doctor?
If you have any of the above symptoms or symptoms or any other questions, consult your doctor. Each person’s body is different. Always consult a doctor to treat your health condition.
What causes thyroid cancer?
Thyroid cancer is caused by changes in the cells of the thyroid gland. Currently, there is no clear why this is happening. All cancers begin with changes in cell DNA. The changes in DNA replication make the cells uncontrollable, resulting in a growth of tissue called a tumor.
Exposure to radiation also causes cancer, especially in children who undergo radiation therapy in the head, neck, or upper chest during infancy or at the time of birth. Thyroid cancer is not contagious.
What increases my risk for thyroid cancer?
Certain factors that increase your risk of thyroid cancer are:
Because thyroid cancer will affect you for the rest of your life, you should see your doctor immediately if you have symptoms of thyroid cancer, it is necessary that early detection, prevention, and treatment can be done so that no more severe impact in the future. Factors that may increase the risk of thyroid cancer include:
- Gender: Thyroid cancer is more common in women than men.
- Exposure to substances containing high radioactive concentrations: such as radiation therapy in the head, neck, and impact from other sources such as nuclear power plants or weapons testing.
- Certain genetic syndromes: can potentially increase the risk of thyroid cancer. This genetic syndrome is like a thyroid medullary cancer in the family, some endocrine neoplasia syndrome, and hereditary colon cancer
Medication & Treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.
What are my treatment options for thyroid cancer?
Treatment depends on the extent of cancer development, which can be done by surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.
Surgery involves removal of part or all of the thyroid gland. If the entire thyroid is removed, you will need to use lifelong thyroid replacement medicine.
If only partially, you need to use hormones to prevent cancer progression in the remaining thyroid tissue.
After surgery, the doctor may use radioactive iodine to treat the spread of cancer. However, it can destroy normal cells and cancer cells. Complications due to surgery can also occur, such as an injury to the vocal cords.
Chemotherapy will be applied if other methods are not effective.
What are the usual tests for thyroid cancer?
Your doctor can diagnose thyroid cancer if a thyroid tumor is present during a general medical examination. For more accurate results, cells were taken from the tumor by biopsy method and microscopically studied.
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